微信公众号开发 - 2.消息的接收与响应

目录

前言

微信的消息响应是很常用的,来看一下。

当普通微信用户向公众账号发消息时,微信服务器将POST消息的XML数据包到开发者填写的URL上。

接收:

1.png

回复:

1.png

这里就涉及到xml转为map,文本消息转为xml

实现

实体类

package cn.notemi.po;

/**
 * Title:TextMessage
 * Description:
 *
 * @author Flicker
 * @create 2017-07-25 下午 8:40
 **/
public class TextMessage {
    private String ToUserName;
    private String FromUserName;
    private String CreateTime;
    private String MsgType;
    private String Content;
    private String MsgId;

    public String getToUserName() {
        return ToUserName;
    }

    public void setToUserName(String toUserName) {
        ToUserName = toUserName;
    }

    public String getFromUserName() {
        return FromUserName;
    }

    public void setFromUserName(String fromUserName) {
        FromUserName = fromUserName;
    }

    public String getCreateTime() {
        return CreateTime;
    }

    public void setCreateTime(String createTime) {
        CreateTime = createTime;
    }

    public String getMsgType() {
        return MsgType;
    }

    public void setMsgType(String msgType) {
        MsgType = msgType;
    }

    public String getContent() {
        return Content;
    }

    public void setContent(String content) {
        Content = content;
    }

    public String getMsgId() {
        return MsgId;
    }

    public void setMsgId(String msgId) {
        MsgId = msgId;
    }
}

消息转换的工具类

package cn.notemi.util;

import cn.notemi.po.TextMessage;
import com.thoughtworks.xstream.XStream;
import org.dom4j.Document;
import org.dom4j.Element;
import org.dom4j.io.SAXReader;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.awt.font.TextMeasurer;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Title:MessageUtil
 * Description:消息的转换
 *
 * @author Flicker
 * @create 2017-07-25 下午 8:19
 **/
public class MessageUtil {

    /**
     * 将xml转为Map对象
     * @param request
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static Map<String,String> xmlToMap(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception{
        Map<String,String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
        SAXReader reader = new SAXReader();

        InputStream ins = request.getInputStream();
        Document doc = reader.read(ins);

        Element root = doc.getRootElement();

        List<Element> list = root.elements();

        for (Element e:list){
            map.put(e.getName(),e.getText());
        }
        ins.close();
        return map;
    }

    /**
     * 将文本消息对象转为xml
     * @param textMessage
     * @return
     */
    public static String textMessageToXml(TextMessage textMessage){
        XStream xStream = new XStream();
        xStream.alias("xml",type);
        return xStream.toXML(textMessage);
    }
}

maven引入

这里使用了XStream和SAXReader

    <dependency>
      <groupId>dom4j</groupId>
      <artifactId>dom4j</artifactId>
      <version>1.6</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.thoughtworks.xstream</groupId>
      <artifactId>xstream</artifactId>
      <version>1.4.9</version>
    </dependency>

Controller

微信消息响应用到的是Post提交。

package cn.notemi.controller;

import cn.notemi.po.TextMessage;
import cn.notemi.util.CheckUtil;

import cn.notemi.util.MessageUtil;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Title:WeixinController
 * Description:
 *
 * @author Flicker
 * @create 2017-07-25 下午 6:15
 **/
@Controller
@RequestMapping(value = "/weixin")
public class WeixinController {

    private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(WeixinController.class);

    @RequestMapping(value = "/connect",method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public void connect(HttpServletResponse response, HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception{
        String signature = request.getParameter("signature");
        String timestamp = request.getParameter("timestamp");
        String nonce = request.getParameter("nonce");
        String echostr = request.getParameter("echostr");

        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
        if (CheckUtil.checkSignature(signature,timestamp,nonce)){
            out.print(echostr);
            logger.info("写入返回值成功");
        }
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/connect",method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public void message(HttpServletRequest request,
                        HttpServletResponse response)throws Exception{

        request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();

        Map<String,String> map = MessageUtil.xmlToMap(request);
        String toUserName = map.get("ToUserName");
        String fromUserName = map.get("FromUserName");
        String createTime = map.get("CreateTime");
        String msgType = map.get("MsgType");
        String content = map.get("Content");
        String msgId = map.get("MsgId");

        String message = null;
        if ("text".equals(msgType)){
            TextMessage text = new TextMessage();
            text.setFromUserName(toUserName);
            text.setToUserName(fromUserName);
            text.setMsgType("text");
            text.setCreateTime(String.valueOf(new Date().getTime()));
            text.setContent("您发送的消息是:"+content);
            message = MessageUtil.textMessageToXml(text);
            logger.info(message);
        }
        out.print(message);
        out.close();
    }
}

测试

2.png

文章最后编辑时间为:2017-07-26 16:28:56

标签: java 微信公众号开发

声明:本博客如无特殊说明皆为原创,转载请注明来源:微信公众号开发 - 2.消息的接收与响应谢谢!

相关文章

发表评论:

icon_question.pngicon_razz.pngicon_sad.pngicon_evil.pngicon_exclaim.pngicon_smile.pngicon_redface.pngicon_biggrin.pngicon_surprised.pngicon_eek.pngicon_confused.pngicon_cool.pngicon_lol.pngicon_mad.pngicon_twisted.pngicon_rolleyes.pngicon_wink.pngicon_idea.pngicon_arrow.pngicon_neutral.pngicon_cry.pngicon_mrgreen.png